occupy 38% of Portuguese soil, followed by farmland with
33%. An area of 23% is occupied by soil considered uncultivated.
If we look at the distribution of forest areas according
to species, we can see that the wild pine occupies 31%
of forestry areas, equivalent to 976,000 hectares. It is
followed by cork with 23%, with 713,000 hectares, and eucalyptus
with 21%, corresponding to 672,000 hectares of forest.
produced by way of forestry underpin an important and integrated
industrial chain based on natural resources, with it supporting
a strong export sector. Portugal, therefore, views forests
and forestry products as an area of crucial importance
to its economy.
Portugal is also, within the European context, and even worldwide, a country
specializing in forestry activities, with a significant impact on its GDP.
Higher, even, than the European average.
international trade terms, of forestry products and their
derivatives, those with the most impact are Cork, Paper
and Cardboard, Paper Pulp, Wood, Resinous Products and